Cassius Marcellus Coolidge is an artist whose name might not ring a bell immediately, but his work is iconic and instantly recognisable.

Best known for his whimsical and humorous series of paintings depicting dogs engaged in human activities, particularly playing poker, Coolidge has left an indelible mark on popular culture.

His paintings have become cultural icons, representing a blend of humor, anthropomorphism, and a unique artistic style that has captured the imagination of many.

In this blog post, I will explore the life and work of Cassius Marcellus Coolidge, examine his famous “Dogs Playing Poker” series, and share my exciting journey of recreating his masterpieces using Midjourney AI.

I'll also discuss the prompt I used and how you can experiment with different animals and scenarios to create your own AI-generated art in the style of Coolidge

The Life and Art of Cassius Marcellus Coolidge

Early Life and Career

Cassius Marcellus Coolidge was born on September 18, 1844, in Antwerp, New York. He was the son of abolitionist Quaker farmers and had a somewhat unconventional path to becoming an artist.

Coolidge, often referred to as “Cash,” did not receive formal training in the arts. Instead, he dabbled in various professions, including druggist, sign painter, and even banker.

It was not until his mid-thirties that he began to explore his artistic talents more seriously.

The Birth of “Dogs Playing Poker”

Coolidge's most famous work, the “Dogs Playing Poker” series, was commissioned by the advertising firm Brown & Bigelow in 1903.

These paintings were initially created as part of a marketing campaign to promote cigars. The series includes 16 oil paintings, with the most famous pieces being “A Friend in Need,” “His Station and Four Aces,” and “Poker Game.”

These paintings feature anthropomorphised dogs sitting around card tables, engaging in various stages of poker games, often with humorous and expressive details.

This blend of humor and human-like behavior in animals can be as engaging as playing online slots real money games, offering a unique entertainment experience.

Artistic Style and Legacy

Coolidge's artistic style is characterised by his use of vivid colors, detailed expressions, and the humorous depiction of animals.

His paintings capture the social dynamics and personalities of the dogs, making them relatable and endearing to viewers.

And, despite their initial purpose as commercial art, Coolidge's paintings have transcended their origins, becoming beloved pieces of Americana and pop culture.

Recreating Coolidge's Work with Midjourney AI

My Experiment with AI

Inspired by Coolidge's iconic series, I embarked on an artistic experiment to recreate his paintings using Midjourney AI.

The goal was to see how modern technology could capture the essence of Coolidge's style and bring new life to his timeless themes. For my experiment, I used the following prompt:

“A Rottweiler dog playing poker with four Bichon Frisé dogs, cards on the table, one dog is cheating, in the style of Cassius Marcellus Coolidge painting, sitting at a table with a green felt card table and chairs. A red lamp hangs above them from the ceiling. –style raw –stylize 300”

Dogs playing cards

The Prompt and Process

The prompt is designed to emulate Coolidge's style and setting while introducing a specific scenario and dog breeds. I chose Rottweiler and Bichon Frisé dogs to see how AI would handle different breeds and their unique characteristics.

The mention of one dog cheating adds a layer of humor and narrative, staying true to Coolidge's approach.

Using Midjourney AI, I input the prompt and let the AI generate several iterations of the scene. The results were fascinating, showcasing the AI's ability to replicate Coolidge's style with remarkable accuracy.

The green felt card table, the red lamp, and the expressive faces of the dogs brought the scene to life, reminiscent of Coolidge's original paintings.

Results and Reflections

The AI-generated images captured the whimsical nature of Coolidge's work, with each dog displaying distinct personalities and emotions.

The Rottweiler's stern gaze, the Bichon Frisés' playful expressions, and the subtle hints of cheating created a dynamic and engaging composition.

This experiment not only highlighted the capabilities of AI in art but also offered a new way to appreciate and reinterpret Coolidge's legacy.

This experiment not only highlighted the capabilities of AI in art but also offered a new way to appreciate and reinterpret Coolidge's legacy.

By blending technology with traditional art, we can explore new creative avenues and pay homage to the artists who have shaped our cultural landscape.

Expanding the Experiment: Different Animals and Scenarios

One of the exciting aspects of using AI for art is the endless possibilities it offers. While Coolidge's original series focused on dogs, there's no reason to limit ourselves to a single species.

Here are some ideas for expanding the experiment with different animals and scenarios:

Cat Poker Game

  • Cats Playing Poker: Imagine a scene with a group of cats, each with their own unique personalities, sitting around a poker table. The aloofness and cunning nature of cats could add a new layer of humor and intrigue to the scene.
  • Farm Animals: A barnyard poker game with pigs, cows, and chickens could create a rustic and charming setting. The diverse expressions and interactions between the animals would make for a delightful composition.
  • Exotic Animals: Take it a step further with exotic animals like giraffes, zebras, and elephants. The juxtaposition of these majestic creatures in a mundane activity like poker could result in a striking and memorable image.

To create these scenes, you can modify the original prompt to include different animals and details. For example:

“A group of cats playing poker, each with distinct personalities, cards on the table, one cat is cheating, in the style of Cassius Marcellus Coolidge painting, sitting at a table with a green felt card table and chairs. A red lamp hangs above them from the ceiling. –style raw –stylize 300”


Cassius Marcellus Coolidge's “Dogs Playing Poker” series has left a lasting impact on both the art world and popular culture. His ability to use animals and infuse humor into his work has made his paintings timeless classics.

Through my experiment with Midjourney AI, I have gained a deeper appreciation for Coolidge's artistry and explored new ways to reinterpret his iconic style.

By using AI, we can continue to celebrate and innovate upon the work of artists like Coolidge, creating new and exciting compositions that honor their legacy.

Whether it's dogs, cats, or giraffes, the possibilities are limitless, and the journey of artistic exploration continues.

So, if you're inspired by Coolidge's work and want to try your hand at creating your own AI-generated art, go ahead and experiment with different animals and scenarios.

You might just discover a new way to appreciate the timeless charm of “Dogs Playing Poker” and the creative potential of modern technology.

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